Show - Kneeling gracefully, one leg extended forward.
Passage - Specific name for the parade trot.
Piaffe - High step trot in place.
Bow - There are several ways to command a pony to bow. I have three of these listed below. The pony should remain with its head up for all of these.
- Tap the pony's shoulder to go down on one knee (or nearly, as in a deep curtsy), and again to come back up. You can also use a "release" command instead of the second tap.
- With the use of a crop (or hand), trace a path from the pony's breast bone to their chin. With the hand/crop on the pony's chin, lower it straight down to desired height of the bow (remember: know your pony's limits!!!). The pony should know to keep his/her chin on the crop/hand until released.
- Also known as the salute, when beginning or finishing a dressage circuit, the salute should be performed for the judges. It is a light version of the bow, the Owner/Trainer pulling down lightly on the reins, signaling the pony to step back with one leg and bend the front knee (similar to a woman's curtsy, but without crossing the legs/ankles). The Owner/Trainer should perform some type of shallow bow or other acknowledgement to the judges.
Half Pass / Tracking - Moving diagonally (forward and to the side) by crossing the legs one over the other
Side Pass - Moving left or right by crossing the legs one over the other
Stand - Halt your pony and command "Stand", letting the reins or lead rope fall to the ground. This command is similar to 'ground tying' a real horse.
Volte - A small circle around the Owner/Trainer who is standing as a pivot point. This is very similar to a lunge circle.
Serpentine - A figure S shape. The Owner/Trainer must move quickly to be the pivot points for the two half circles.
Figure 8 - Two serpentine shaped forming two complete circles next to each other.
Mark Time - This should be simple for anyone ever in a marching band. Ponies lift their feet an inch or so off the ground at a walking pace, but staying at a standstill. Again, similar to a stationary marching band or soldier. Moving between a mark time and walk should be smooth and easy for a pony.